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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

over to a diplomatic attack. Her aim was to retain as much as possible
of the booty she had gained through her co-operation with Germany,
in this she partially succeeded for the time being, since the British
Government and the U.S. made no mention of the Baltic States, nor of
Bessarabia. Through British mediation, the Polish question had been
temporarily settled, with the balance well in favour cf Russia. At that
particular stage of events it was difficult to deprive Poland cf half her
territory. The text of the new Polish-Russian Treaty was plain, but the
British Foreign Office, however, appeared willing to interpret this Treaty
just as Moscow desired. A fact which the British Press made evident
in subsequent articles.

This was the first moment when Britain's policy towards Moscow
found itself treading the well-known road of appeasement. And as only
Poland in the Middle Zone was able to put up a political resistance to
Moscow, Poland, from that moment, was to become the test of the policies
of the Soviets and the United Nations. Any concession extorted from
Poland for the benefit of Russia would therefore symbolize a political
set-back for the United Nations,

"MONTAGNES   RUSSES ..."
Frequenters of Vienna's Prater or Copenhagen's Tivoli will know the
* Rutschbahn ' or c Montagnes Russes.*
The dizzy switchback, the small carriages which transport the adven-
turous passengers, with break-neck speed, through dark abysses, tunnels,
bridges, mountains, hazards of all kinds ! Above the rattle and noise, one
hears the laughter of the people, the screams of the frightened, and some-
times even the weeping of the small passengers, as the carriage gathers
speed on the steep slopes before plunging into darkness.
Some are ill on this c joyride.'   The less-hardened children cry .  .
Polish-Russian relations during the last ten years vividly recall a journey
on the c Montagnes Russes.' The Non-Aggression Pact of 1932, the
aggression of September 17, 1939, the f plebiscite * performed in Eastern
Poland, the lightning metamorphosis from Polish to Soviet citizens. The
deportation of millions of these new Soviet citizens into the abyss of Russia*
to the zones of the c tundra * and the c tayga,* many sentenced to death,
others thrown into jail...
Then the Agreement of July, 1941. The Polish Anthem is played in the
Kremlin. The formation of the Polish Army in Russia, with the simul-
taneous mysterious spiriting away of several thousands of Polish officers.
Many assurances of the future Poland to be, the c great' and c strong' and
the abolition of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact. The release of a small
percentage of Poles from Russia and the holding back of hundreds of
thousands of others in the jails and labour camps. The threat and, indeed,
the attempt* to form a c Polish Government * in Moscow from the c Union
of Polish Patriots.' The publishing of the death verdict executed long
before on the members of the c Bund,* so suddenly suspected of espionage
87